It is believed that the loosestrife, or lysimachia, received its Latin version of the name by the name of Lysimachus, one of the generals under Alexander the Great. The version of the origin of the second name is the old Russian name for willow - "willow", on the foliage of which the greenery of the flower is so similar. The article will tell you about the proper care of a loosestrife, as well as about its popular varieties.
The best representatives of lysimachia
Verbeynik belongs to the family of Primrose and can be perennial, biennial and annual depending on the species: the genus has more than one hundred. Also, species differ in the type of stem, the shade of inflorescences, etc.
The ampelous variety of loosestrife has high decorative properties: long (up to 1.5 meters) hanging branches with small bright yellow flowers will be a wonderful decoration of the veranda. Flowering period - from June to the first frost.
Verbeynik purple (ciliary) Firecracker
Herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 0.3 - 0.5 m. Distinguishing features: dark, burgundy-colored leaves with a wide-lanceolate shape and many small lemon-yellow flowers. The plant is quite aggressive and grows very quickly; decorative all summer.
Very tall bush up to 2 m in height. The stem is erect, pubescent, from above - slightly branched. Ovoid or lanceolate leaves are grouped in 3-4 pieces. Inflorescences are a dense panicle of bright yellow flowers of the correct form. An ordinary loosestroth is very attractive to bees.
Perennial tall (50-60 cm) plant with a long branched root, which actively spreads the flower throughout the territory due to shoots. Characteristic features of this variety: pubescent and straight stem with sessile broad leaves; saturated lemon-colored flowers are collected at the top of the plant. Flowering occurs at the end of June - August.
The species is extremely similar to the spot loosestrife.: herbaceous perennial up to 0.5 meters high with broad-lanceolate leaves and yellow flowers at the very top. Flowering periods also coincide.
This is a decorative variety, hatched. The variety is a creeping plant with long stems (30 cm) and small round leaves decorated with a yellowish pattern - thanks to it the species got its name.
Loosestrife fulviform (lily of the valley)
A stunningly beautiful variety boasts a tall stalk, large lanceolate leaves, turning purple in the fall, and inflorescences in the form of ears of corn with small white flowers in the shape of stars.
Monumentous loosestrife (meadow tea) and its varieties Aurea, Golden eelou
Creeping wildflower, loving moisture. It is a green carpet of small leaves of juicy green color with scattered cup-shaped golden flowers. Bred varieties Aurea and Golden eelou - These are ampelous herbaceous plants with excellent decorative properties, their leaves are light green in color.
Features of growing lysimachia from seeds
Lysimachia is bred vegetatively, by cuttings and seeds, and the first method is more popular due to its simplicity and effectiveness. However, those who are not afraid of difficulties and still decided to grow a man-made tree "from scratch", You can give a few recommendations:
- Before planting the seeds, they must be “hardened” (or stratified): place the future sprouts for a couple of months on the lower shelf of the refrigerator. The best time to start this procedure is spring. Attention! Before autumn sowing, there is no need for stratification: the seeds are hardened already in the soil;
- Seeds for seedlings are sown on a moist substrate. To prepare the mixture you will need an equal amount of sand and peat;
- After sowing lysimachia, the substrate is covered with glass or film - so the seeds will germinate faster, usually this happens after two weeks. The optimum room temperature is 15 degrees above zero. Young seedlings require quite a lot of light;
- After the young shoots are a little stronger, you can dive. Glasses, boxes, cropped boxes, etc. will do.
- A loosestrife grown from seeds can only bloom for 2 or 3 years of its life.
How to plant a loosestrife
Terms and conditions for planting a loosestrife in open ground
Before planting a plant, you need to choose the right site. The fact is that lysimachia will feel good almost anywhere, but in moist soil with a high nutrient content, the loosestrife grows much faster. In no case should you try to grow lysimachia on loam or poorly drained soil: the result will definitely disappoint the owner of the flower garden. Besides, should be taken into account and the lighting of the site: most species like shade or partial shade, but there are also sun lovers, such as purple loosestrife. Meadow tea will grow well in strong shade.
If it was decided to plant lysimachia in the autumn, then in September the seeds are sown on the beds without any preliminary preparation: next spring they will sprout in small groups. This method is most preferred.
Another option is plant spring seedlings diluted in spring in June. When planting, it is necessary to ensure that the distance between the seedlings is about 50 cm. You need to pay attention to the condition of the soil: it is best to plant in open ground in well-fertilized soil - compost or manure will do this task perfectly.
As for the landing technique, there is nothing unusual here: a hole is dug up, a rhizome is placed in it, which is then thrown with clods of earth and compacted. The final stage is abundant watering and cultivation.
Features and secrets of care for a loosestrife
If we evaluate the complexity of the process for the care of lysimachia in general, then we can say that this is a rather unpretentious plant. Evidence of this is the universal belief that if you do not touch the plant even for ten years, it will still bloom and multiply. Nevertheless, for its active growth and prolonged flowering, several general rules are required.
- Watering. Since the flower prefers to grow on well-moistened soil, it rarely requires additional watering, except during periods of drought. It should be noted that the plant is frost-resistant and adapted to almost any temperature.
- Top dressing. Verbeynik badly needs fertilizer only in the autumn, when frost is coming. As a rule, a good way is to saturate the soil with humus accumulated over the summer. In the case when it is necessary to stimulate rapid growth on soil that is not very suitable for the plant, it is possible to fertilize regularly. The ideal schedule is 2 times a month from May to July.
- Containment. Lysimachia refers to plants-aggressors, the proximity of which can adversely affect other cultures. To prevent this from happening, it is enough to take measures to limit the territory of distribution of the loosestrife in breadth. First, you need to physically prevent creeping shoots: either plant a flower in a bucket, container or pot, or make a small fence around it of metal or slate. Secondly, the cultivation of lysimachia involves repeated division and transplantation of the plant, because 4-6 more appear on the site of one stem annually. You can transplant young shoots every three years in the early spring or in the middle of autumn.
Features of growing loosestrife
- Pruning. After the bloom of the flower, the stems should be trimmed so as to completely cut off the dried parts of the plant. This procedure can provoke repeated flowering. Before the onset of winter colds, lysimachia should be completely cut off under the root and covered with compost; to cover the flower for the winter is not necessary. In one place, lysimachia can grow up to 10 years.
- Diseases and pests. In addition to frost resistance and unpretentiousness, lysimachia has another remarkable property - this plant is very rarely sick and is attacked by pests. Gnawed leaves can sometimes be noticed - this is a sign that weevils have attacked the plant. In this case, you need to go hunting after sunset and collect all the pests directly from the leaves of the loosestrife. The second enemy of lysimachia is the aphid, which is easy to fight with the help of Antitlin or Biotlin.
Lysimachia in landscape design
Despite the fact that far from all varieties are used for decorative planting, lysimachia, due to its bright green foliage and beautiful sunny inflorescences, occupies an honorable place among neighbors. Usually this species is used in conjunction with other cultures as a "carpet", which beautifully covers the unsightly surface of the soil. Consider specific examples:
- Such species as pinworm, dot, ordinary, lily of the valley are perfect for decorating the shore of a reservoir in the area. The ampoule variety of the Aurea pinworms looks great in containers;
- Monetized lysimachia (meadow tea) is actively used to decorate rock gardens and rockeries, since it can cover walls and stones;
- Tall varieties of loosestrife are indispensable in shady flower beds near trees and near landscape reservoirs decorated in a natural style;
Ideal neighbors for lysimachia are bells, astilbe, volzhanka, fern and other shade-loving perennials that prefer moist soil. Types of loosestrife, with purple or variegated leaves, can be combined with incense, rogers and hosts, as well as cereals, chytins and sedges - this will create an original contrast. Other interesting combinations include the following pairs: spot or ciliated loosestrife and highlander; meadow tea and ornamental grass; lily of the valley loosestrife and monarda or cuff.
To summarize, we can conclude that the loosestrife is an excellent option for landscaping a site that has deservedly gained popularity among gardeners. There are many reasons for this: lysimachia does not require special care and at the same time it has a high degree of decorativeness, is resistant to any temperature and combines with other cultures. In addition, almost all varieties of loosestrife, especially loosestrife, have medicinal properties, so growing it on your site means replenishing your medicine cabinet with another folk diuretic and tonic.
Verbeynik in landscape design
This pretty and, most importantly, unpretentious plant will decorate any garden or pond and also has useful properties, so it will be pleasant for every gardener to plant such a modest flower.