Parsley can be grown through winter sowing. The seeds of this culture have been preserved for 3 years, but the fresher they are, the more friendly seedlings can be obtained. Parsley is a very frost-resistant plant, its seeds begin to germinate at only a few degrees of heat, and its greens are not at all afraid of frost, which makes it possible to grow it from early spring.
All varieties of this culture can be divided into 2 groups: leaf and root. Moreover, in leafy foods, juicy and fragrant greens are used, and in root root crops, their greens are more rigid and rough in taste. To sow this crop in the winter, you will need to select the suitable varieties for this.
|Title||View||Ripening period in days||The size of the leaf outlet (for leaf varieties) or the weight of the root (for root varieties) in grams||The ability to grow back after cutting|
|Common leaf||Sheet||70||Over 70||Good|
Winter sowing technology
Once a suitable variety has been selected, you can begin to plant parsley. Sowing is usually carried out in late autumn, in the suburbs and most regions this time falls on the month of November. Under this culture are allocated well-lit places that are not flooded by meltwater.
This crop should not be planted after carrots. The best predecessors for her will be tomatoes or cucumbers.
The land for sowing parsley should begin to be prepared in August after harvesting the previous crops. For this, the site is dug up and fertilizers are applied. The digging depth of the soil should be at least 25 cm. Before the onset of frost, 2 cm deep furrows are made in the area intended for sowing. It is also worth stocking up with sand, which will be filled with furrows after the end of the sowing work.
When and how to sow
Parsley, like dill, begin to be sown after the daytime temperature stops rising above + 2 ° C. You can also navigate on the ground, at night it should freeze slightly, and during the day thaw. At the same time, all work must be completed before the permanent snow falls.
Seeds are laid out dry in furrows. Moreover, their number should be increased 2 times from the norm. After sowing, the furrows are covered with pre-prepared sand. The thickness of the backfill layer should not exceed 2-3 cm, otherwise seedlings will not be able to break early to the surface of the earth. So that in the spring during the melting of snow on the surface of the beds did not form a soil crust, mulching with peat or humus is carried out.
If steady frost sets in, and the snow has not yet fallen, the surface of the ridges should be covered. To do this, use leaves or spruce branches, which in early spring will need to be removed. After the snow melts, the beds are tightened with covering material. Whatever parsley for winter sowing you choose, its harvest will be 2-3 weeks earlier from the due date.
Parsley care is not complicated. In order for her greens to be green and juicy, and after cutting she quickly regrowed, it must be regularly watered. This is best done in the evening hours. Also, care and loosening should be highlighted from care measures. In cases with root varieties of parsley, they must be thinned out. This can be done in several stages, gradually pulling out young plants for use on greens.
How to plant parsley in the fall
Parsley leaf varieties can be cut at any time, but they begin harvesting root varieties in the fall. They are dug up before the onset of stable frosts. In this case, all the leaves are cut off, and the root crops themselves are placed in the basement or cellar for winter storage. During the winter, they can be used to produce greenery. To this end, they are planted for distillation.
Growing parsley in the winter on the windowsill
If you ever bought parsley greens in a supermarket in the winter, you probably know how rude and tasteless it is. During the winter, fresh parsley can be grown on the windowsill. Its taste and aroma will be much better than the store ones. For this, any early-ripening variety is suitable. For example, Ordinary leaf. In this case, there are two possible options - to sow seeds or dig up adult bushes from the garden and plant them in boxes. When planting adult plants, the first greens can be cut in 2 weeks.
Seed preparation and sowing
To parsley sprouted seeds faster before sowing, you need to soak in water for 24 hours. This will contribute to their quick and friendly shoots. Next, the sowing box is prepared. Be sure to ensure that there are drainage holes in it. It is possible to pour in it as independently prepared soil, and use purchased. After that, it must be shed with boiling water for disinfection.
The distance between the grooves during sowing should be about 2 cm, and the depth of cultivation should be about 0.5 cm. When sowing and until seedlings appear, the soil must be moist. Further, for the successful development of parsley, regular watering is required.
So that the parsley is not stretched and strong in appearance, the temperature during its cultivation should be no more than 15 ° C, and the light should be bright. Therefore, during the period from November to January, it is best to organize a backlight above the box with a fluorescent lamp or phytolamp.
If the seedlings are too frequent they must be thinned. After the parsley branches reach a height of 10 cm, you can begin to cut them.
Forcing parsley from root crops
Another way to grow parsley at home is to distill it from root crops. This method has several advantages:
- No need to wait until the seeds are up.
- Greens will be guaranteed to be good, since you know which variety it is.
Forcing parsley from the root should begin with the preparation of the planting box. At its bottom, you need to make a drainage layer of expanded clay. As the soil, you can use a mixture of humus, sand and sod land.
For distillation, you can use medium-sized root crops dug from the garden, as well as those stored in the cellar and basement. They are planted in a box so that their apical part remains above the surface of the soil. You can place them closely. After planting, the soil around them is crushed and spilled abundantly with water.
In order for parsley to be distilled successfully, the following conditions must be observed:
- Immediately after planting, the box is put in a cool place for one two weeks. In a city apartment, a balcony is suitable for these purposes.
- The watering regime should be moderate.
- When the first sprouts appear, the box is immediately transferred to heat.
- When growing on a window, the box should be turned over on one side, then the other.
- In winter, it is advisable to equip the backlight.
If all stages of distillation were carried out correctly, then by the New Year holidays, it will be possible to get the first crop of fresh and fragrant greens. During the winter, root crops for distillation can be planted several times.
Parsley: variety selection
Winter sowing and growing parsley on the windowsill is a very simple task, which even a beginner grower can do. The most important thing is to observe the technology of work, and then this culture will surely please juicy and fragrant herbs.